The Brazilian territory encloses an area of 8,5 million kilometers approximately squared. Of these, 5,2 million kilometers approximately squared, that is, about 60% of the domestic territory, understand the Brazilian Amaznia, also call of Legal Amaznia. Making border with seven countries, what it more than represents a band of ten a thousand kilometers, and with an approach population of 17,5 million inhabitants, what it corresponds only 9% of the national population, it is a strategical region. The Amaznia, greater humid tropical forest of the planet, possesss incalculable mineral and vegetal wealth, fact that is complemented by this being, according to estimates of scientists, home of 60% of all the forms of life of the planet. The generation of electric energy by means of plant hydroelectric plants is the responsible one, as given of 2006 of the Ministry of Mines and Energy, for 75,7% of all energy consumed for the Country.

The hidrogrfica basin of the River Amazon has a potential of generation hydroelectric plant esteem of 105.000 MW, of which less than 10% they are being explored. The hidrogrfica basin of the River Paran, the second greater of Brazil, has an esteem potential of 59.000 MW, of which approximately 70% already are being explored. This demonstrates plus one of the immense wealth of the region. Certainly the Amaznia is the greater of the Brazilian people well. The deforestation, according to data of the National Institute of Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), reached the mark of 11.224 kilometers squared in the period of August of 2006 the August of 2007. This corresponds a superior area to the territory of Jamaica.

Nor always the Brazilian society grants to the subject the necessary attention. The ambient devastao in the region has granted to the press and foreign powers pparently solid arguments to give to form the absurd hypotheses. That is strengthened for the idea of if approving in the Federal Chamber (therefore already it was approved in the Federal Senate) the Project of Law 6424, of 2005, that it not only authorizes a great increase in legal deforestation as well as releases the responsible ones for such deforestation to recoup the knocked down trees.