INTRODUCTION the native bees without sting in Brazil comumente are called melipondeos and are represented by different sorts being most important, in terms of honey production, the sort Melipona Illiger, 1806. These bees inhabit the tropical and subtropical regions of the country. For being small tame, its handling is easy and excuses the used accessories of protection in the beekeeping (overalls, fumegador, gloves, etc). They are basic for polinizao of you vary vegetal species, but some already had been extinct and many others are at risk of extinguishing due the factors as the deforestation, the forest fires and the use of agrotxicos (KERR, et al., 1996). It does not have in the world another place with so great biodiversity of bees how much in the Amaznia. They is esteem that 400 species of bees without sting in the world exist more than being that in Brazil this number would arrive the 300 species of which 200 would be gifts alone in the Amaznia.
Amazon is the state with the biggest number of species of bees without sting. Although the numbers, Brazil disputes 4 today place in production of honey with the United States, but this rank mentions beekeeping or creation to it of mellifera Apis Linnaeus, 1758, bee exotic/introduced that it suffered process from africanization. Against the deforestation and in favor of the preservation, the meliponneos are the greaters and main polinizadores of the forest, being responsible for 30% 90% of the polinizao depending on bioma considered (KERR, et al., 1996, P. 144). The Beekeeping or creation of bees with sting (mellifera Apis Linnaeus, 1758) is a very old activity, which was comumente carried through for the civilizations Egypt, India and China.