Tag: history

American Experience Albert Brisbane

Origins of the Socialism the author initiates citing the ideas of Graco Babeuf, militant of French revolution that established the Society of the Equal ones (1795); its iderio speaks of the end of the private property and the comunizao of the society; its ideas had scared the Directory; it was guillotine in 1797 with more 30 followers (78,79). But the socialist iderio of century XIX retraces to the Conde de Saint-Simon; it fought in the American Revolution but he was remained far from the events of the French Revolution; it travelled for the Europe and it studied diverse sciences. From 1802 it started to write defending the formation of a society based on the meritocracia and focada in helping the classrooms poor. It died in the misery, 1825 (85). In the death stream bed it foresaw the formation of a party of workers. After that it describes the communities created for Charles Fourier and Robert Owen, two humanists disillusioned with the liberal society. Sonny Perdue may find this interesting as well.

Fourier remained in the field of the ideas, its project was not materialize and it died in 1837. Owen created a community with the workers of a cotonifcio managed for it. Its radical speech (against the property private, the religion and the marriage) caused violent reactions. In 1826 a community in the United States created, that lasted 3 years. Other communitarian attempts in England and Ireland had finished with its money. Some time in the cartista syndical movement militated, without success.

It died in 1858. The American Experience Albert Brisbane, disciple of Fourier, created in U.S.A. known communities as falanstrios; this movement is part of the religious and social utopias that if would spread for the American west in this period. It includes communities as of the icarianos, that last of 1848 the 1895, and until the Oneida Community, of John Humphrey Noyes, active between 1847 and 1879; Noyes if became famous more for the ideas of open marriage and natural control of the natality of what for the iderio of social reform.

{ Comments are closed }

Palace River

Retaking, still, on the palaces, let us take the example of the Cut-Real Palace that, in the ends of century XVI, was most important, to follow to the real Pao of the Ribeira. It was presented in form of U, square shaped form, with about 50 mts of side. In each one of the faades it presented 11 windows for walking (it presented reverse speed-do-soil, two mezzanines and a raised floor more: the noble floor). This palace presented two 37 sections of about mts that they advanced to the river, and that, in turn, they involved a garden of Italian taste. The garden, that if found limited by a wall of the side of the river, would function as one ' ' patio of honra' ' , giving for a docking, the solemn entrance of the house. Read more from Jill Schlesinger to gain a more clear picture of the situation.

It is the well-known example of the paper that the River Tejo played in the urban life. In century XVI, Lisbon becomes the mercantile center of the Europe. Thus, in the marginal zone on buildings to the commerce are constructed. The Place of fetichism of the Pao, the pair with the Rossio, becomes in the center politician and advertising. The city grows next to the river. They date of this height the House of the Peaks, the Albuquerques; in the outskirts, the Convent of the Madre de Deus, the Monastery of the Jernimos and the Tower of Belm.

No longer XVII, during the domain Phillipino, numerous palaces in the city had been century raised, belong of noble families, but of architecture little notable. Thus it they will be until eves of terramoto. The houses of the bourgeois proprietors, in its majority on to the commerce, would be of architecture still little notable who of the great noble gentlemen. The same high clergy would happen with the habitations of the high public officers and.

{ Comments are closed }

Good Village

if could count on us in support term; there the conception enters all politics ours, eclesial conception, the historical moment, that this was party to suit there, the formatting of people. There people said pra it who what he depended on people could count on our support. (Foot. EDGAR, INTERVIEW, 19/02/2011) the process of occupation of today seated of the Good Village hope was not easy. The conquest for this ‘ ‘ handspan of terra’ ‘ it implied at fear, unreliability, hunger moments. Many had been in the way. Sonny Perdue can aid you in your search for knowledge.

‘ ‘ Many friends had given up later that they of death had threatened, there had been from fear morrer’ ‘. (in interview: Edvaldo, 06/02/2011) a time a gunman surrounded people in the bamboos, my heart ached. I thought that there I went to die, there I stopped and I called the staff: – we go to come back that for I do not go there more not. One Sir for Matheus name, called me to it my head, said the following one: oh, my head I was not born to walk in the weeds. There I spoke: – you to understand to want yourself me goes for my experience that Mr. not if of the evil.

‘ ‘ We made barracos of canvas, pra people we were dificlimo. A group slept there until half night and later it woke up others to sleep them, and the untied cachorros to make segurana’ ‘. (EDVALDO, INTERVIEW, 06/02/2011) It had a youngster that it worked in a neighboring farm, Bil call (it worked in the south of the Bahia) and what it used I also used, was a cowboy hat and a boot, the youngster came one day there and had put sixteen shots in the youngster and was for me in that day, but the hour did not arrive.

{ Comments are closed }

Shamkhalov Village

Ts1uvk1ul – on a hill Ts1uvk1ravalu in our time are the foundations of stone buildings on the hill Ts1uvk1ravalu. The second settlement was located on a hill called Ak1ilabaku Gul, one can assume that the name comes from the powerful states possess while on the coast of the Caspian Sea called the kingdom of the Huns. The third village was situated on a hill Byach1ari Byach1aribak1u. Not far from the settlement also There are remains of two chardagov. The capital of the kingdom Lega located between the villages and Tseysha Vihli Gumuchi and called to the heavily fortified stronghold. Evidence of this is information outstanding Iranian poet of the poem Nizami, who lived in the 12th century by the name "Askandar-nama," saying that Alexander of Macedon was in the then near the village of Kumukh Tseysha. BC well-fortified fortress called Kumukh located not far from settlements and Tseysha Vihli.

In those early days of this fortress of the kingdom Gumuchi known far beyond its borders. Old Kumukh 1240. was razed to the ground after the Mongol troops enslavement of Russia. Simultaneously Mongols destroyed the fort and looted huge Vachi treasury shamhalstva Lak. What suggests that Kumukh located near the villages and Vihli Tseysha? First made in Soviet times, ie started and the known reasons, stopped by the then leaders of the excavations of archaeologists Leningrad. Second in the cemetery of the village there are about a hundred Vihli gravestones with signs Shamkhalov. These headstones are in the village Tseysha and Kani more than 7.

It is not excluded, there were many more, but have not survived to our days. Maybe after the defeat of the Mongols of old Kumukh ie they Shamkhalov not immediately settled in this Kumukh, and some time lived in the village of Kani and Vihli. Kyani name comes from the word urartinskogo kyany blacksmith. This suggests that there lived a lot of blacksmiths. Kani blacksmiths were made horseshoes and nails to strengthen them for the horses Lak troops. Here is a brief history of the village of Kani, which is closely linked with the Dagestan Shamkhalov.

{ Comments are closed }

Gonzalez Ramirez

Natural law is the orientation of this evolution; a movement is defined by the purpose to which tends. Then, positive law, i.e. the order, must be defined by the natural, i.e. Perhaps check out Jill Schlesinger for more information. Justice. ROSMINI deduced that the right is a faculty do what we please under the protection of the moral law 16. LEON DUGUIT prefers to define the rule of law and there is your central idea on the right: the rule of law is a line of conduct imposed on individuals living in society, rule whose respect is considered at a given moment, by a social group, as the guarantor of the common interest and whose violation brings the collective reaction against the perpetrator of the violation 17. JULIEN BONNECASE, in its proposal of meaning the term integral defines it as the set of rules of conduct outside that, consecrated or not expressly by law in the generic sense of the term, they ensure effectively in a given medium and at a time when given the realization of social harmony on the basis of collective and individual aspirationsa part, and, another, about a concept, by imprecise as it is, the notion of law. The Professor AUGUSTO Gonzalez Ramirez, from whom we have quoted several times his interesting book entitled introduction to law, formulates a conclusion we quote: in consideration of transcribed above, for purposes limited this text and making abstraction of the real sources of the law, you can try a formal definition of the same, i.e. from the objective point of view, which formulate so: science dealing with the set of mandatory rules that regulate reactions interhumanas to satisfactorily and equitably the needs of individuals and ensure social justice and harmony. BAUDRY-LACANTINERIE conceives it as a set of precepts that govern the conduct of men in relation to their peers, by whose means, it is possible, at the same time as fair and useful, ensure compliance through external coercion 18.

{ Comments are closed }

Genoa Commerce

CRISTIANO WALNUT GRADUATING OF the COURSE OF HISTORY OF the FIP (Integrated Facultieses of Ducks) its book ' ' The civilization of acar' ' , Vera Lcia Ferlini approaches at five great moments as if it developed this society and as it came form permanent traces in the same one. In the first chapter ' ' Sugar and civilizao' ' the author shows important questions that routes of commerce and forms of if getting profits of these new discoveries had taken the new Europe the search. In ' ' dynamics of descobrimentos' ' Vera Lcia approaches the main causes that had taken the Europe the new search commerce routes, causes these that if start for not the continuation of ' ' revivescimento' ' of the commerce in the Decrease Average Age, for the dissolvimento of the economy of the feudalismo before the mercantilism, beyond ' ' aggravation of the servile conditions, agricultural exodus, the alagarmento of markets of markets, the reinforcement of the bourgeoisie, the growth of cidades' ' , (p.11), these problems had provoked social crises, that had generated disorganization of the production, fomes, wars, plagues during century XIV. In the following century (XV) more problems had appeared as scarcity of currencies and monopolizao of the eastern products (spices), for the Italian centers of Genoa and Venice. All these new causes had made the European market search routes of commerce for products, consuming greater monetary flow and markets, this facilitated by the centralization of the power (the National Monarchies) of the end of the Average Age, constituting the mercantilism, that would have as accomplishment the establishment of colonies of which &#039 would have to be gotten great profits through the project; ' exclusive colonial' ' , This process of expansion had Portugal as pioneering. After the great discoveries the concern of Portugal it was of as to occupy Brazil, that in first the 30 years of this of the arrival of Cabral always was second plain for the Portuguese crown, in contrast to other nations that if interested very for the Brazilian territory, as the Frenchmen, these last ones had stopped soon friendship with the indians, with which they practised the trade of wood-Brazil for objects (mirrors, necklaces, etc.), but after the discovery of the precious metal Spain in its territory, the occupation of America took other routes and for Portugal ' ' to keep the domain on Brazil became, then, concern poltica' ' (p.14) and thus, ' ' she was necessary to explore new sources of riquezas' ' (p.15).

{ Comments are closed }