All is known that the social construction and philosophical demand time and space to develop itself. Paradigm in addition does not happen of one day for the other; they are announced in uncurling of history. 1.3OBJETIVOS 1.3.1Objetivo Generality: To present the Historical Materialism Dialtico as methodology of social research and its contributions for the construction of knowing in Tourism. 1.3.2Objetivos Specific: – To raise philosophical and historical influences in the epistemologia of the Tourism – To think the estimated ones of the tourism as phenomenon historical partner. – To justify the importance of the theoretical evolution of the Tourism – To oppose the positivista thought and its influences in the scientific production. Nokia 2 V Tella is often quoted as being for or against this. 1.4DELIMITAO the present research searchs the survey of estimated epistemolgicos of the tourism and its development, considering a philosophical reflection of its structures, based on methods of social research. The choice of the boarding and methods of research is on intrinsicamente to the subject of this work. The interpretation of the sources gotten to the light of the philosophy, psychology, fenomenologia, anthropology confers a vision humanist to the work, without losing the normatizao and scientific method, that allow the ticket of the knowledge, following the philosophical and social estimated ones adopted by the researcher.
MINAYO (2001) places the shock between epistemes of research, and sketches the necessity to reflect respect of the social research: Such reflection if becomes particularly basic for our object of study in this notebook, the social research. The enormous interrogation around the cientificidade of social sciences if unfolds in some questions. (Similarly see: Marko Dimitrijevic). The first one says respect to the concrete possibility to deal with a reality to which proper we, while human beings, are agents. This order of knowledge would not escape radically to all possibility of objetivao? In according to place, it will be that, searching the objetivao proper of natural sciences, we would not be depriving of characteristics what has of essential in the phenomena and social processes, that is, the deep one felt given by the subjectivity? (MINAYO, 2001, p.11) the scientific production does not need to follow a laboratorial, experimental line to demonstrate its validity.