Even among the remarkable landscapes of the middle reaches of the Oka Velegozh neighborhood distinguished by their serenity and poetry. The village is situated high above the river at the edge of the river valley. Remained far below the silver surface water in sandy shores of the mighty and the age-old pine forest on the steep slopes of coastal green. Place and in fact, “large unseemly.” In the middle of the ancient village stands the church of Nativity, built in 1730. Already one such date, related to the beginning of the reign of Anna Ivanovna, the construction time of stagnation, on the one hand, and significant shifts in the evolution of architectural style – on the other, gives the monument a special interest. The church was built the owner Rural Velegozh Prince Ivan Yurevich Trubetskoy, nicknamed less, unlike his uncle, Field Marshal and the favorite of Peter I the Great I.
Trubetskoy. In 1730, as opposed to the supreme, both Trubetskoy (uncle and nephew) are online supported the restoration of autocracy, what Anna Ivanovna bestowed Prince Ivan Yurevich Less in chamberlains. The fact is significant, clarifying things. The patronage of the Empress gave the feeling Trubetskoy confidence, so rare in the era of tyranny of time-and unchallenged dominance of foreigners. Conceived and carried out in Velegozh construction that required resources and known trouble, gives us another proof strong position of the customer. It is also likely that Troubetzkoy personally oversaw the building itself and included in all of its needs. In any case, the opportunity he had.
As you know, Anna Ivanovna returned from Moscow to St. Petersburg only in 1732. In Moscow not only moved the royal court, not only the most important government agencies (the Senate, the Synod and the board), but significant architectural forces raised for the revival of the old capital. In addition to the St. Petersburg architects headed by F. C. Rastrelli in Moscow began its activities had returned to the time of Peter the Great’s foreign trip pensioners. Range of architects, to whom he could turn Troubetzkoy, was is quite broad. Yet on the whole Moscow architecture of the period which preceded the band almost complete stagnation of architectural life, bears the imprint of homebrew and a little naive meaningfully. These features a fully endowed architecture Church of the Nativity. The overall composition of the cross-shaped building centric designs date back to the late XVII century. Two tiers of windows octagon domed Church of the Nativity surrounded by single deck the altar and the aisles (refectory was rebuilt in the second half of XIX century.) forming a branch of the cross. Aisles completed chapters on stone drums, which at first sight even more in common with the best creations of the monument “Naryshkin baroque.” However, the image of Church of the Nativity is quite different. New warrant the principles of decoration more coarse pilyastrovogo style and proportions of the new system have left no trace of the vertical commitment and emotional richness of decorative architectural prototypes.