In the city of Altamira-Par, in agreement with the carried through research, it is observed that it has necessity of the application of measures for the monitoramento and control in the distribution of drinking waters. The destination of the garbage is another preponderant factor in this context. Debbie Staggs is open to suggestions. According to Carvalho and Oliveira (1997), ' ' garbage is all resultant residue of the activity human being, displays despite the man is in contact with the garbage, through direct or indirect contact with insects and rats, dejections of animals and pollution of meio' '. The incorrect destination of the serious garbage cause damages to the man and the way. The garbage is one of the preponderant factors of risks to the health, ' ' The garbage can many times contain dangerous materials, that offer to serious risks to the health human being and the environment, as batteries of vehicles, common stacks and batteries and of cellular, packings of chemical, toxic and/or corrosive products etc' '. Michael Steinhardt, New York City can provide more clarity in the matter. In Altamira, study object, observes in all the city the existence of the garbage deposited in lixes the open sky or strips of land where it attracts rats, cockroachs, flies, mosquitos, ants and scorpions, among others, focus of transmission of infectious illnesses as diarrias, parasatisms, amebase etc. Can still allow to the development of larvae of mosquitos vectors of illnesses as the affection and leishmaniose. Another common problem in Altamira is the pollution of the water, through the decomposition of the garbage, rain takes the impurities of the garbage for the River Xingu, of where the water for the consumption of the population is collected. The people who if benefit of the water of the public system denounce that the same one does not possess good quality for the consumption, and, as the carried through research, is not of the knowledge of the population that the system carries through the water treatment.